Rorate Caeli

A Chrism Mass in the Extraordinary Form

Yesterday, for the second consecutive year, His Excellency Archbishop Haas of Vaduz (Liechtenstein), celebrated the Chrism Mass for his diocese in the Extraordinary Form. H.E. Haas was surrounded by priests of his diocese as well as some priests and seminarians from St. Peter Seminary where the Archbishop resides regularly.

[h/t Riposte Catholique]

Saint Alphonsus in Holy Week:
VII- Sabbato Sancto (Holy Saturday): The Lady on Calvary

for Holy Saturday

Mary Present on Calvary at the Death of Jesus


There stood by the cross of Jesus His Mother. We observe in this the Queen of Martyrs, a sort of martyrdom more cruel than any other martyrdom, - that of a mother so placed as to behold an innocent Son executed upon a gibbet of infamy: “she stood.” Ever since Jesus was apprehended in the garden, He has been abandoned by His disciples; but Mary abandons Him not. She stays with Him till she sees Him expire before her eyes: “she stood close by.”

Mothers, in general, flee away from the presence of their sons when they see them suffer, and cannot render them any assistance; content enough would they be themselves to endure their sons’ sufferings; and, therefore, when they see them suffering without the power of succoring them, they have not the strength to endure so great a pain, and consequently flee away, and go to a distance. Not so Mary. She sees her Son in torments; she see that the pains are taking His life away; but she flees not, nor moves to a distance. On the contrary, she draws near to the cross whereon her Son is dying.

O sorrowing Mary! Disdain me not for a companion to assist at the death of thy Jesus and mine.


She stood near the cross. The cross, then, is the bed whereon Jesus leaves His life; a bed of suffering, where this afflicted Mother is watching Jesus, all wounded as He is with scourges and with thorns. Mary observes how this her poor Son, suspended from those three iron nails, finds neither a position nor repose. She would wish to give Him some relief; she would wish, at least, since He has to die, to have Him die in her arms. But nothing of all this is allowed her.

Ah, cross! She says, give me back my Son! Thou art a malefactor’s gibbet; whereas my Son is innocent.

But grieve not thyself, O Mother. It is the will of the Eternal Father that the cross should not give Jesus back to thee until after He has died and breathed His last. O Queen of Sorrows! Obtain for me sorrow for my sins.


There stood by the cross His Mother. Meditate, my soul, upon Mary, as she stands at the foot of the cross watching her Son. Her Son! But, O God, what a Son! A Son Who was, at one and the same time, her Son and her God! A son Who had from all eternity chosen her to be His Mother, and had given her a preference in His love before all mankind and all the angels! A Son so beautiful, so holy, and so lovely; A Son Who had been ever obedient unto her; a Son Who was her one and only love, being as He was both her Son and God. And this Mother had to see such a Son die of pain before her very eyes!

O Mary, O Mother, most afflicted of all mothers! I compassionate thy heart, more especially when thou didst behold Jesus surrender Himself up upon the cross, open His mouth , and expire; and, for love of this thy Son, now dead for my salvation, do thou recommend unto Him my soul.

And do Thou, my Jesus, for the sake of the merits of Mary’s sorrows, have mercy upon me, and grant me the grace of dying for Thee, as Thou hast died for me: “May I die, O my Lord” (will I say unto Thee, with St. Francis of Assisi), “for love of the love of Thee, Who hast vouchsafed to die for love of the love of me.”
St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
The Ascetical Works : The Passion and Death of Jesus Christ
Meditations for Holy Week

[Contributor Francesca Romana]

Saint Alphonsus in Holy Week:
VI - Feria Sexta in Parasceve (Good Friday): Hanging Dead from the Cross

for Good Friday

Jesus hanging Dead upon the Cross


Raise up thine eyes , my soul, and behold that crucified man. Behold the Divine Lamb now sacrificed upon that altar of pain. Consider that He is the Beloved Son of the Eternal Father; and consider that He is dead for the love that He has borne thee. See how He holds His arms outstretched to embrace thee; His head bent down to give the kiss of peace; His side open to receive thee into His heart. What dost thou say? Does not a God so loving deserve to be loved? Listen to the words He addresses to thee from that cross: “Look, my son, and see whether there be any one in the world who has loved thee more than I have.”

No, my God, there is none that has loved me more than Thou. But what return shall I ever be able to make to a God Who has been willing to die for me? What love from a creature will ever be able to recompense the love of his Creator, Who died to gain his love?


O God! Had the vilest one of mankind suffered for me what Jesus Christ has suffered, could I ever refrain from loving him? Were I to see any man torn to pieces with scourges and fastened to a cross in order to save my life, could I ever bear it in mind without feeling a tender emotion of love? And were there to be brought to me the portrait of him, as he lay dead upon the cross, could I behold it with an eye of indifference, when I considered: “This man is dead, tortured thus, for love of me. Had he not loved me, he would not so have died.”

Ah, my Redeemer, O love of my soul! How shall I ever be able to forget Thee? How shall I ever be able to think that my sins have reduced Thee so low, and not always bewail the wrongs that I have done to Thy goodness? How shall I ever be able to see Thee dead of pain on this cross for love of me, and not love Thee to the uttermost of my power?


O my dear Redeemer! Well do I recognize in these Thy wounds, and in Thy lacerated body, as it were through so many lattices, the tender affection which Thou does retain for me. Since, then, in order to pardon me, Thou has not pardoned Thyself, oh, look upon me now with the same love wherewith Thou didst one day look upon me from the cross, whilst Thou wert dying for me.

Look upon me and enlighten me, and draw my whole heart to Thyself, that so, from this day forth, I may love none else but Thee. Let me not ever be unmindful of Thy death. Thou didst promise that, when raised up upon the cross, Thou wouldst draw all our hearts to Thee. Behold this heart of mine, which, made tender by Thy death, and enamored of Thee, desires to offer no further resistance to Thy calls. Oh, do Thou draw it to Thyself, and make it all Thine own! Thou hast died for me, and I desire to die for Thee; and if I continue to live, I will live for Thee alone.

O pains of Jesus, O ignominies of Jesus, O death of Jesus, O love of Jesus! Fix yourselves within my heart, and let the remembrance of you abide there always, to be continually smiting me, and inflaming me with love.

I love Thee, O infinite goodness; I love Thee, O infinite love. Thou art and shalt ever be, my one and only love.

O Mary, Mother of love, do thou obtain me love.
St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
The Ascetical Works : The Passion and Death of Jesus Christ
Meditations for Holy Week

[Contributor Francesca Romana]

The photo we will not post

Today, we learn that, once again, Liturgical Law will be ignored during the pontifical Maundy Thursday liturgy. It is being reported that the feet of "9 Italians, 1 Muslim from Libya, a young man from Cape Verde and an Ethiopian woman" will be washed by Pope Francis.

The word "anomie" is used in legal theory and sociological studies to designate a society where bonds between individuals face breakdown for many reasons, including due to the lack of enforcement of rules. Once rules that exist in the books are not revoked by legitimate authority, but simply ignored, there is a systemic risk of legal-moral collapse. This has certainly been true in liturgical law since the Council, with the 1963-1969 messes sauvages, in particular since the new liturgy of Paul VI, and even more so when the norms that still exist, instead of being explicitly changed (when they can be changed) are ignored by an authority. This is no criticism, merely an assessment of current liturgical reality, that is, "liturgical anomie".

The feet washed by the Pope are those of disabled people, including one woman. In itself, the image will be one of great care - but it does put immense pressure upon those, in the Rite of Paul VI, who had tried to follow the rules made up by the Supreme Authority himself in the spirit of the late "reform of the reform". We will not take part in the spreading of this soon-to-be-released photo. It's no longer new news this year and, sadly, does not even seem to surprise anyone. We will not let this distract us for one more second during Holy Week and we suggest the same for our dear readers.

Instead, please read what we said one year ago, when a fuller picture of what was coming from this pontificate began to take shape. We were widely criticized for this, but we do not take a single word back from it.

The Official End of the Reform of the Reform - by example


1st: We are not invested in what goes on in a Novus Ordo setting. So, really, we are not disappointed by it -- though we are still surprised when it moves farther and farther away from traditional practices. We are just reporting it, as we did before any other venue in English.

2nd: Of course the optional mandatum is something that, while widely symbolic of the link between Christ and His Apostles, is ruled by pure Ecclesiastical Law, not Divine Law, and, regarding it, the Supreme Legislator can do (almost) as he pleases, even remove its presence from a liturgical environment. As long as there are specific standing rules about it (viri, men), however, even the Supreme Authority is bound to humbly obey them, unless he formally changes them beforehand. It really is not that hard to understand this basic matter of legal logic, is it?

3rd: Dear adversaries of this blog (yes, they do exist, and seem to be some of our most faithful readers!), please do not shoot the messenger.

His counsel was that this deed must be reported to thee, and not hidden. And this seemed best; and the lot doomed my hapless self to win this prize. So here I stand -- as unwelcome as unwilling, well I wot; for no man delights in the bearer of bad news. (Antigone)

Saint Alphonsus in Holy Week:
V - Feria Quinta in Cœna Domini (Holy Thursday): Consummatum est

for Holy Thursday

Jesus dies upon the Cross


Behold how the loving Saviour is now drawing nigh unto death. Behold, O my soul, those beautiful eyes growing dim, that face become all pallid, that heart all but ceasing to beat, and that sacred body now disposing itself to the final surrender of its life.

After Jesus had received the vinegar, He said: It is consummated. He then passed over in review before His eyes all the sufferings that He had undergone during His life, in the shape of poverty, contempt and pain; and then offering them all up to the Eternal Father, He turned to Him and said, It is finished. My Father, behold by the sacrifice of my death, the work of the world’s redemption, which Thou hast laid upon me, is now completed. And it seems as though, turning Himself again to us, He repeated, It is finished; as if He would have said, O men, O men, love me, for I have done all; there is nothing more that I can do in order to gain your love.


Behold now, lastly, Jesus dies. Come, ye angels of heaven, come and assist at the death of your King. And thou, O sorrowing Mother Mary, do thou draw nearer to the cross, and fix thine eyes yet more attentively on thy Son, for He is now on the point of death. Behold Him, after having commended His spirit to His Eternal Father, He calls upon death, giving it permission to come to take away His life. Come, O death, says He to it, be quick and perform thine office; slay Me, and save my flock. The earth now trembles, the graves open, the veil of the temple is rent in twain. The strength of the dying Saviour is failing through the violence of the sufferings; the warmth of His body is gradually diminishing; He gives up His body to death: He bows His head down upon His breast, He opens His mouth and dies: And bowing His head, He gave up the ghost. The people behold Him expire, and observing that he no longer moves, they say, He is dead, He is dead; and to them the voice of Mary makes echo, while she too says, “Ah, my Son, Thou art, then dead.”


He is dead! O God! Who is it that is dead? The author of life, the only-begotten Son of God, the Lord of the world, - He is dead. O death! Thou wert the amazement of heaven and of all nature. O infinite love! A God to sacrifice His blood and His life! And for whom? For His ungrateful creatures; dying in an ocean of sufferings and shame, in order to pay the penalty due to their sins. Ah infinite goodness! O infinite love!

O my Jesus! Thou art, then, dead, on account of the love which Thou has borne me! Oh, let me never again live, even for a single moment, without loving Thee! I love Thee, my chief and only good; I love Thee, My Jesus, - dead for me! O my sorrowing Mother Mary, do thou help a servant of thine, who desires to love Jesus.
St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
The Ascetical Works : The Passion and Death of Jesus Christ
Meditations for Holy Week

[Contributor Francesca Romana]

Saint Alphonsus in Holy Week:
IV - Feria Quarta (Holy Wednesday): Christ speaks from the Cross

for Holy Wednesday

The Words spoken by Jesus upon the Cross


While Jesus upon the cross is being outraged by that barbarous populace, what is it that He is doing? He is praying for them, and saying, O My Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. O Eternal Father, hearken to this Thy Beloved Son, Who, in dying, prays Thee to forgive me too, who have outraged Thee so much. Then Jesus, turning to the good thief, who prays Him to have mercy upon him, replies: Today shalt thou be with Me in paradise. Oh, how true is that which the Lord spake by the mouth of Ezekiel, that when a sinner repents of his faults, He, as it were, blots out from His memory, all the offences of which he has been guilty: But if the wicked do penance…I will not remember all his iniquities.

O would that it were true, my Jesus, that I had never offended Thee! But, since the evil is done, remember no more, I pray Thee, the displeasures that I have given Thee; and, by that bitter death which Thou hast suffered for me, take me to Thy Kingdom after my death; and, while I live, let Thy love reign within my soul.


Jesus, in His agony upon the cross, with every part of His body full of torture, and deluged with affliction in His soul, seeks for someone to console Him. He looks toward Mary; but that sorrowing Mother only adds by her grief to His affliction. He casts His eyes around Him and there is no one that gives Him comfort. He asks His Father for consolation; but the Father, beholding Him covered with all the sins of men, even He too abandons Him; and then it was that Jesus cried out with a loud voice: Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me? My God, My God, why has Thou also abandoned Me? This abandonment by the Eternal Father caused the death of Jesus Christ to be more bitter than any that has ever fallen the lot of either penitent or martyr; for it was a death of perfect desolation, and bereft of every kind of relief.

O my Jesus! How is it that I have been able to live so long a time in forgetfulness of Thee? I return Thee thanks that Thou has not been unmindful of me. Oh, I pray Thee ever to keep me in mind of the bitter death which Thou has embraced for love of me, that so I may never be unmindful of the love which Thou hast borne me!


Jesus then, knowing that His sacrifice was now completed, said that He was thirsty: He said, I thirst. And the executioners then reached up to His mouth a sponge, filled with vinegar and gall.

But, Lord, how is it that Thou does make no complaint of those many pains which are taking away Thy life, but complainst only of thirst?

Ah, I understand Thee, my Jesus; Thy thirst is a thirst of love; because Thou lovest us, Thou dost desire to be beloved by us. Oh, help me to drive away from my heart all affection which are not for Thee; make me to love none other but Thee, and to have no other desire save that of doing Thy will.
St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
The Ascetical Works : The Passion and Death of Jesus Christ
Meditations for Holy Week

[Contributor Francesca Romana]

Events: Holy Week and Triduum around the world (updated)

Please, if you wish us to post the schedule of Holy Week and Triduum rites in your community around the world, please send us a message with the subject: "Event: Holy Week".

We will post all schedules sent to us in this post, which will be updated as more information comes in. Thank you.

See all events below: Rome, Hong Kong, Reading (England), Louisiana (incl. the Dominican Monastery of the Heart of Jesus), Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), Amsterdam (Netherlands), Quezon City (Philippines), Monastery of St. Benedict in Norcia (Italy), Chicago, Omaha (Nebraska), Sacramento and San Francisco (California), Budapest and Gyömrő (Hungary), Cleveland (Ohio), Guadalajara (Mexico), Melbourne and Wangaratta/Tarrawingee (Victoria, Australia), New York City, Diocese of Richmond (Virginia), Diocese of Paterson (New Jersey)...
For live broadcast schedule by LiveMass, see here.

For French-speaking areas, we suggest the thread provided by Le Forum Catholique.


1. Rome (Santissima Trinità dei Pellegrini):

April 13, Palm Sunday: 9:00 a.m. Low Mass
10:30 a.m. Blessing of Palms, Procession and Pontifical Mass, celebrated by His Excellency François Bacqué, titular Archbishop of Gradisca and Apostolic Nuncio.
5:30 p.m. Vespers and Benediction
6:30 p.m. Low Mass

April 16, Holy Wednesday: 8:30 p.m. Tenebræ

April 17, Holy Thursday: 6:30 p.m. Mass of the Lord’s Supper
8:30 p.m. Tenebræ (after the Mass)

April 18, Good Friday: 6:30 p.m. Commemoration of the Passion and Death of our Lord Jesus Christ
8:30 p.m. Tenebræ

April 19, Holy Saturday: 10: 30 p.m. Easter Vigil.

April 20, Easter Sunday: 9:00 a.m. Low Mass
11:00 a.m. Solemn High Mass
5:30 p.m. Vespers and Benediction
6:30 p.m. Low Mass

Saint Alphonsus in Holy Week:
III - Feria Tertia (Holy Tuesday): Consumed for Love

for Holy Tuesday

Jesus upon the Cross


Jesus on the cross! Behold the proof of the love of a God; behold the final manifestation of Himself, which the Word Incarnate makes upon this earth, - a manifestation of suffering indeed, but, still more, a manifestation of love. St. Francis of Paola, as he was one day mediating upon the Divine Love in the person of Jesus Crucified, rapt in ecstasy, exclaimed aloud three times, in these words, “O God – Love! O God- Love! O God - Love!” wishing hereby to signify that we shall never be able to comprehend how great has been the Divine love towards us, in willing to die for love of us.


O my beloved Jesus! If I behold Thy body upon this cross, nothing do I see but wounds and blood; and, then, if I turn my attention to Thy heart, I find it to be all afflicted and in sorrow. Upon this cross I see it written that Thou art a king; but what tokens of majesty dost Thou retain? I see not any royal throne save this tree of infamy; no other purple do I behold save Thy wounded and bloody flesh; no other crown save this band of thorns that tortures Thee. Ah, how it all declares Thee to be king of love! Yes, for this cross, these nails, this crown and these wounds are, all of them, tokens of love.


Jesus, from the cross, asks us not so much for our compassion as for our love; and, if even He does ask our compassion, He asks it solely in order that the compassion may move us to love Him. As being infinite goodness, He already merits all our love; but when placed upon the cross, it seems as if He sought for us to love Him, at least out of compassion.

Ah, my Jesus, and who is there that will not love Thee, while confessing Thee to be the God that Thou art, and contemplating Thee upon the cross? Oh, what arrows of fire dost Thou not dart at souls from that throne of love! Oh, how many hearts hast Thou not drawn to Thyself from that cross of Thine! O wounds of my Jesus! O beautiful furnaces of love! Admit me, too, amongst yourselves to burn, not indeed with that fire of hell which I have deserved, but with holy flames of love for that God Who has been willing to die for me, consumed by torments. O my dear Redeemer! Receive back a sinner, who, sorrowing for having offended Thee, is now earnestly longing to love Thee. I love Thee, I love Thee, O infinite goodness, O infinite love.

O Mary, Mother of beautiful love! Obtain for me a greater measure of love, to consume me for that God Who has died consumed for love of me.
St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
The Ascetical Works : The Passion and Death of Jesus Christ
Meditations for Holy Week

[Contributor Francesca Romana]

Saint Alphonsus in Holy Week:
II - Feria Secunda (Holy Monday): Hammers and Nails

for Holy Monday

Jesus is placed on the Cross


No sooner had the Redeemer arrived, all suffering and wearied out, at Calvary, than they strip Him of His clothes, - that now stick to His wounded flesh, - and then cast Him down upon the cross. Jesus stretches forth His holy hands, and at the same time offers His life to the Eternal Father, and prays of Him to accept it for the salvation of mankind. In the nest place, the executioners savagely lay hold of the nails and hammers, and, nailing His hands and His feet, they fasten Him to the cross.

O ye Sacred Hands, which by a mere touch have so often healed the sick, wherefore are they now nailing you upon the cross? O Holy Feet, which have encountered so much fatigue in your search after us lost sheep, wherefore do they now transfix you with so much pain? When a nerve is wounded in the human body, so great is the suffering, that it occasions convulsions and fits of fainting: what, then, must not the suffering of Jesus have been, in having nails driven through His hands and feet, parts which are most full of nerves and muscles!

O my sweet Saviour! So much did the desire of seeing me saved and of gaining my love cost Thee! And I have so often ungratefully despised Thy love for nothing; but now I prize it above every good.


The Cross is now raised up together with the Crucified, and they let it fall down with a shock into the hole that had been made for it in the rock. It is then made firm by stones and pieces of wood; and Jesus remains hanging upon it, to leave His life thereon. The afflicted Saviour, now about to die upon that bed of pain, and finding Himself in such desolation and misery, seeks for someone to console Him, but finds none.

Surely, my Lord, those men will at least compassionate Thee, now that Thou are dying! But no; I hear some outraging Thee, some ridiculing Thee, and others blaspheming Thee, saying to Thee, “Come down from the cross if Thou art the Son of God. He has saved others, and now He cannot save Himself.”

Alas, you barbarians, He is now about to die, according as you desire; at least torment Him not with your reviling.


See how much thy dying Redeemer is suffering upon that gibbet! Each member suffers its own pain, and the one cannot come to the help of the other. Alas, how does He experience in every moment the pains of death! Well may it be said that in those three hours during which Jesus was suffering His agony upon the cross, He suffered as many deaths as were the moments that He remained there. He find not there even the slightest relief or repose, whether He lean His weight upon His hands or upon His feet; wheresoever He leans the pain is increased, His most holy body hanging suspended, as it does, from His very wounds themselves. Go, my soul, and tenderly draw nigh to theat cross, and kiss that altar, whereon thy Lord is dying a victim of love for thee. Place thyself beneath His feet, and let that Divine Blood trickle down upon thee.

Yes, my dear Jesus, let this Blood wash me from all my sins, and set me all on fire with love towards Thee, my God, Who hast been willing to die for love of me. Do thou, O suffering Mother, who dost stand at the foot of the cross, pray to Jesus for me.
St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
The Ascetical Works : The Passion and Death of Jesus Christ
Meditations for Holy Week

[Contributor Francesca Romana]

Saint Alphonsus in Holy Week:
I - Palm Sunday: He moves along

for Palm Sunday

Jesus Carries the Cross to Calvary


The sentence upon Our Saviour having been published, they straightway seize hold of Him in their fury: they strip Him anew of that purple rag, and put His own raiment upon Him, to lead Him away to be crucified on Calvary, - the place appropriated for the execution of criminals: They took off the cloak from Him, and put on Him His own garments, and led Him away to crucify Him.” (Matt. xxvii 31.) They then lay hold of two rough beams, and quickly make them into a cross, and order Him to carry it on His shoulders to the place of His punishment. What cruelty, to lay upon the criminal the gibbet on which he has to die!

But this is Thy lot, O my Jesus, because Thou has taken my sins upon Thyself.


Jesus refuse not the cross; with love He embraces it, as being the altar whereon is destined to be completed the sacrifice of His life for the salvation of men: And bearing His own Cross, He went forth to that place which is called Calvary. The condemned criminals now come forth from Pilate’s residence, and in the midst of them there goes also our condemned Lord. O that sight which filled both heaven and earth with amazement! To see the Son of God going to die for the sake of those very men from whose hands He is receiving His death! Behold the prophecy fulfilled: And I was as a meek lamb, that is carried to be a victim. The appearance that Jesus made on this journey was so pitiable that the Jewish women, on beholding Him, followed Him in tears: They bewailed and lamented Him.

O my Redeemer! By the merits of this sorrowful journey of Thine, give me strength to bear my cross with patience. I accept of all the sufferings and contempts which Thou dost destine for me to undergo. Thou hast rendered them lovely and sweet by embracing them for love of us: give me strength to endure them with calmness.


Behold, my soul, now that thy condemned Saviour is passing, behold how He moves along, dripping with blood that keeps flowing from His still fresh wounds, crowned with thorns, and laden with the cross. Alas, how at every motion is the pain of all His wounds renewed! The Cross, from the first moment, begins its torture, pressing heavily upon His wounded shoulders, and cruelly acting like a hammer upon the thorns of the crown. O God! At every step, how great are the sufferings! Let us meditate upon the sentiments of love wherewith Jesus, in this journey, is drawing nigh to Calvary, where death stands awaiting Him.

Ah, my Jesus, Thou art going to die for us. In time past I have turned my back upon Thee, I would that I could die of grief on this account! But for the future I have not the heart to leave Thee, O my Redeemer, my God, my love, my all! O Mary, my Mother, do thou obtain for me strength to bear my cross in peace.
St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori
The Ascetical Works : The Passion and Death of Jesus Christ
Meditations for Holy Week

[Contributor Francesca Romana]

Watching the Sacred Triduum online
Triduo Sacro tradicional en directo por internet

There is a huge number of Catholics who do not have access or are not able to go to a closeby celebration of the Sacred Triduum according to the Traditional Roman Rite (Vetus Ordo, Extraordinary Form, etc).

For these Catholics, one option is to watch the Sacred Triduum online and join spiritually those faithful who are present - for instance, by way of LiveMass. Their schedule is the following (remember GMT/UTC is EDT+4, London/BST is EDT+5). will turn on the broadcast 10 minutes prior to the beginning time of each liturgy.

Holy Thursday - Jueves Santo:
8:00 PM EDT / 7:00 pm CDT Santa Misa Cantada - Nuestra Señora del Pilar, Guadalajara, Mexico *SD Feed Only*
(Lavatorio de pies, Procesión del Santísimo, Desnudar el Altar)
*** Sarasota Mass will be recorded and broadcast following the Stripping of the Altar in Mexico.
Also, the Holy Thursday Mass will replace the Sunday Mass for VOD until 4/20/2014.

Good Friday - Viernes Santo:
1:00 PM EDT / 12:00 pm CDT Via Crucis - Pilar *SD Feed Only*
2:00 PM EDT / 1:00 pm CDT Stations of the Cross - Christ the King, Sarasota, FL
4:00 PM EDT / 3:00 pm CDT Solemne Acción Litúrgica - Pilar *SD Feed Only*
(Lecturas, Pasión, Oraciones Solemnes, Adoración dela Santa Cruz, Sagrada Comunión)

Holy Saturday - Sábado Santo:
11:30 PM EDT / 10:30 pm CDT Vigilia Pascual - Pilar *SD Feed Only*
(Bendición del fuego Pascual y del Cirio Pascual, Procesión, Præconium, Lecturas, Letanías de los Santos, Bendición del Agua Bautismal, Misa Cantada)
*** Sarasota Mass will be recorded and broadcast following the liturgy in Mexico.

Easter Sunday - Domingo de Pascua:
8:30 AM EDT / 7:30 am CDT Low Mass from Sarasota, FL
10:30 AM EDT / 9:30 am CDT Low Mass from Sarasota, FL
1:00 PM EDT / 12:00 Noon CDT Santa Misa Cantada - Nuestra Señora del Pilar, Guadalajara, Mexico *SD Feed Only*
8:00 PM EDT / 7:00 pm CDT Santa Misa - Nuestra Señora del Pilar, Guadalajara, Mexico *SD Feed Only*

Pope Francis: Msgr. Guido Marini renewed as Master of Pontifical Ceremonies for a full new term

From Radio Vaticana:

The Pope has confirmed Monsignor Guido Marini as Master of Pontifical Liturgical Ceremonies. Born 49 years ago in Genoa, Monsignor Guido Marini had been called to this position by Benedict XVI in October 2007.

As all confirmations and nominations in the Curia or Papal Chapels, except when expressly mentioned otherwise for a different period or for life, the nomination is for a five-year term (cf. Pastor Bonus, art. 182 § 2).

Source (in Italian). Tip: @ASchwibach

Nathan Trapuzzano, requiescat in pace

You may have read about a homicide in Indianapolis, Indiana, in the U.S., where 24-year-old Nathan Trapuzzano, husband and father, was killed during a morning walk.

His wife, Jennifer, said:

"In the last few days people have told me they are going back to church because of Nate's story. He never dreamed that this is how it would end, but knowing people are going back to church and that they have been touched by his story means a lot to me and would mean so much to him.

"He used to invite so many of my friends to come to Latin mass and when I saw pictures of how full the church was for his funeral on Saturday, I thought, he finally did it, he finally got them there." 

Below are photos taken by the Associated Press and Daily Mail (U.K.) of Mr. Trapuzzano's traditional Latin Requiem Mass at Holy Rosary Church and his Angelus Press handmissal.

The Catholic missal Nathan used to read before bed every night. Jennifer said she now wants to come closer to God 'so I can see Nate again'

Click here to donate to a fund for Jennifer and the baby.

May he rest in peace.

New downloads: Two children's books on the Mass

Jeffrey Ostrowski, of Corpus Christi Watershed, sends us the news of these two new downloads for works dedicated to the Traditional Mass and written especially for children:

1. "Know Your Mass" - the well-known classic, a beautiful book of cartoons by Fr. Demetrius Manousos, bearing a 1954 imprimatur by Cardinal Spellman. It was designed for children, but is recommended for all Catholics, especially at a time when authentic catechesis is at an all-time low.

2. "The Mass in Slow Motion": this 1948 masterpiece by Msgr. Ronald Knox contains talks given to young girls about the Mass. It offers a rare "personal" look at the Holy Sacrifice by Knox, a giant who needs no introduction to traditional Catholics. In a candid moment, toward the end of his earthly life, Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen said that "anything he had ever said of significance was taken from either Knox or Chesterton." Reading this book, it's easy to see why!

In Passiontide: The Scala Sancta and the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar
And a video: The Restoration of the Scala Sancta

Aufer a nobis, quaesumus, Dómine, iniquitátes nostras: ut ad Sancta sanctórum puris mereámur méntibus introíre. Per Christum, Dóminum nostrum. Amen. [Take away from us our iniquities, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that we may be worthy to enter with pure minds into the Holy of Holies.] Roman Missal, Ordo Missae, Prayers at the Foot of the Altar

The first rite to open up the ordo of the Roman Mass to the influx of personal devotional prayer was that used by the papal household in the high Middle Ages. The earliest witness to the new direction this liturgy was taking has to do with the Office. This was Abelard in the year 1140 to St. Bernard of Clairvaux. As to the eucharistic celebration, some elements found at the beginning of this liturgical text and its end point toward the private chapel of the medieval Lateran palace, located at the head of the scala sancta. This chapel, preserved as renovated in 1278 has - from time immemorial - been called the Sancta Sanctorum, the Holy of Holies. This name came to be associated with the prayers at the foot of the altar, notably with their conclusion when the priest begs for the forgiveness of sins "so that, with sould made clean, we may be counted to enter the 'Holy of Holies'." With this prayer, which recurs in all of the oldest liturgical documents of the Roman Mass, we probably - in the final analysis - have one going back to the early sixth century at the very least. However, not until this venerable text was understood to allude to the local surroundings of the papal chapel did it become a prayer said during the procession of the pope, who - to offer the Holy Sacrifice - had to take himself from his palace apartments [in the Lateran] into the papal chapel. The prayer following in today's Mass ordo begs for God's clemency with the words, "by the merits of your saints, whose relics are here." These words, likewise, did not originally have to do with the holy remains of a saint deposited in just any altar, but rather with the vast treasury of relics found in the Sancta Sanctorum Chapel. It will soon be twenty years since the Jesuit Father Hartmann Grisar (1845-1932) undertook an examination of this treasury for the first time, an effort that led to conslusions of the utmost importance for archaeology and art history. Finally, the prayers of thanksgiving [Rorate note: including, "Da nobis, quaesumus Domine, vitiorum nostrorum flammas exstinguere; qui beato Laurentio tribuisti tormentorum suorum incendia superare. Per Christum Dominum nostrum."] said by the priest after the Mass point toward this chapel as well: the collect for the feast of St. Lawrence was incorporated into these prayers by virtue of the fact that the chapel is consecrated to the most revered martyr of Rome.
Anton Baumstark [the Younger]
On the Historical Development of the Liturgy


Now, many of the liturgical "certainties" of the first half of the 20th century are in doubt today, but, even if not exact, it is an interesting connection between the prayers at the foot of the altar and the Scala Sancta, this most revered relic of Rome, now under restoration:

New iMass app, with complete texts of Missal, Breviary and Ritual
- for Android, just in time for Holy Week

A few months ago Rorate Caeli announced the Rituale Romanum app that we had been working on. There was much excitement about the app, from everyone except those in charge of the approval process at Apple! The app was rejected from the App Store, not once, but subsequently three times - each time going a little higher up the chain of command.

Going back to the drawing board, we have decided to incorporate the Rituale into the iMass app. By doing so, the iMass app becomes a more complete resource for the 1962 Liturgy, including not only the viewable broadcasts of the Mass, but also three of the four Liturgical Books of 1962. (The fourth Liturgical Book is the Pontificale, which would not seem expedient to put on a mobile device.)

On Palm Sunday, April 13th, we will release iMass 5.0 on the Google Play Store. 

The new Android version of iMass will have the following features:

- Both the recorded versions of Mass and the Live broadcasts of the Mass now work seamlessly on all Android devices (with software newer than Ice Cream Sandwich)
- Three 1962 Liturgical Books: The Breviary, the Missal, and the Rituale Romanum
- You can now view the Sunday and daily Mass from the different broadcast locations (not only Florida)
- Although rewritten entirely, the app will be a free upgrade for those who have the current android version of iMass on their devices.

For more details, visit the website:

This current version of iMass is an update for Android. We are still working on the challenge of incorporating the Rituale into the iPhone app, and will release it when we have completed the work, and after the app has been approved by the App Store.

[Information and images exclusively provided to Rorate Caeli by the iMass team.]

Intervention in the Franciscans of the Immaculate:
Pope meets unexpected couple, implies end of intervention coming soon

On Sunday, April 6, Pope Francis celebrated a mass in the Roman parish church of San Gregorio Magno alla Magliana. What he did not expect was for the pastor to introduce him to a couple, last name Manelli, six of whose nine children are members of the Franciscan Friars (two of the children) and Sisters (four of the children) of the Immaculate.

Sandro Magister reports:

In a chat with the pope, the couple Pio and Annamaria [Manelli] - the latter painter of the icon [of the Salus Populi Romani, presented to the pope] - they told him:

“Holy Father, we have nine children, six of whom are consecrated among the Franciscans of the Immaculate. We beg you, take them out of the sepulchre.”

To which pope Francis - who, in the homily had spoken of Jesus who removes not only Lazarus but all from the sepulchres - smiled, a little surprised, caressed them and told them: “Soon, soon.”

What "soon" might mean is unknown. Those who are most optimistic hope for an imminent and peaceful end of the intervention.

Passiontide for the Bride of Christ

Below is the written transcript of a Passion Sunday sermon by a traditional mission priest. While Father delves into many issues, one of the first examples of the passion the Church is going through deals with the reaction to the Dominican nun who has been silenced and, not surprisingly, left to rot by most "conservative" Catholics:

“Do not we say well, that Thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?” And “They took up stones to cast at Him: but Jesus hid Himself, and went out of the Temple.”
Today, the 5th Sunday of Lent, is called Passion Sunday. It is the day we  cover the cross and statues…because, as the Gospel indicates, Our Lord is now having to hide from the Jewish leaders until His Hour… His Saving Passion arrives on Holy Thursday and Good Friday. No one could touch the King until He granted them permission to do so…as the Prophet Isaias said of Him: “He was offered because it was his own will” (53:7).
At this time in history, the Mystical Body of Christ is also nearing one of Her Hours… Her own Passion. Christ and His Church are one and the same thing. Where the Head has gone, the Body must follow. In this way we, Her members, fulfill the sobering words of His Majesty: “If the world hate you, know ye, that it hath hated Me before you… If they have persecuted Me, they will also persecute you” (Jn. 15:18, 20).
At this time, therefore, our Holy Church has become more and more like Job… innocent, yet steadily being deprived of all Her possessions… faithful, yet losing many of her children. Some of Her members and even those in charge of Her visible structure… who should be Her most ardent friends and companions… are now pointing their fingers at Her and blaming Her for the world’s many troubles. They keep trying to get Her to change Her position on things… even Her perennial and Apostolic teachings and liturgical practices. She is pressed to admit of wrong doing and to apologize. Name calling is now in vogue. “Thou art a Samaritan…and hast a devil!” What the Prophet Zacharias says of Our Lord in the midst of His Passion holds for the Church as well: “What are those wounds in the midst of Thy hands? And He shall say: ‘With these I was wounded in the house of them that loved me’” (13:6). Yes, they loved Him in the past but then treated Him like Judas… kissing Him for personal gain. This is true of the Church as well…  Ah, alas, is it not true… our beloved Church is approaching Her Hour. It is now Passion Sunday for the Mystical Body.
Case in point… the recent events in Charlotte, NC. A Dominican sister speaks openly and plainly to “Catholic” high school students about holy matrimony as well as about what hurts it… impurity, sodomy, divorce, and so on… The result? She is vilified, pressed to apologize, made to feel guilty … such that like Our Lord she has to withdraw from all speaking engagements and even from her regular teaching job at Aquinas College in Nashville, TN. How many of these teens and their parents regularly watch movies, videos and TV programs as well as read works that belittle and blaspheme Our Lord and His Holy Church and think little about it? It is Passiontide for the Church.
The state of the Mystical Body is also on display in Her religious, for they occupy the Heart of the Church. The more religious life flourishes, the more healthy is the Body of Christ. By always living for the next life and acting as a sign thereof, religious show forth in their whole being the Church Triumphant reigning in heaven. Today, sad to say, vocations to religious communities are rare and often even discouraged by parents and relatives. Most convents and monasteries have closed or… are taking up collections to support those that remain in them (something we have not had to do in previous times). When we do find religious, they are often not recognizable and hold heretical doctrines. Need we say anything about their scandals and failures to keep their sacred vows? Not surprisingly, those that want to live a sound and disciplined and recognizable religious life often end up like Our Lord… having to hide from the powers that be to avoid being stoned to death … to avoid being suppressed after a hostile visitation. O how many names they are called! Rigid, Jansenistic, Medieval, Pre-conciliar, Fundamentalist. It is Passiontide for the Church. As Our Lord had His HOUR, so too His Bride. Can you feel it?
Furthermore, the condition of the Church is on display in the indissoluble and holy marriages of her faithful children. We know from the Sacred Scriptures and the Fathers that Christ and His Church are Bridegroom and Bride. In teaching on Christian Marriage, St. Paul exclaims: “This is a great sacrament; but I speak in Christ and in the Church” (Eph 5:32). This is why Christian Marriage is indissoluble… it is a sign of Christ’s unbreakable bond… His indissoluble love for His Bride, the Holy Catholic Church. They cannot be divided… ever. So too marriages contracted under the Sacrament of Holy Matrimony! “What God has joined together, let no man put asunder” (Matt. 19:6).
But this does not seem to be so in our time! Divorce is as common inside the Church as it is outside. There is almost no difference! Please do not misunderstand me…times like this produce invalid marriages. Such things do exist and should be annulled. On the other hand, this is why the Church has traditionally been very careful to prepare couples for marriage, most especially since the Council of Trent. Yet, now, sad to say, divorce and remarriage are becoming more common in the Church than marriages that remain faithful until death! Passiontide is here… the Hour of the Mystical Body is near! We can feel it! We can see it!
In the history of the Church, those who embrace error, heresy or schism almost always fail in the area of celibacy and marital chastity in a very short time. Most fail in the direction of impurity… losing their celibate priesthood and religious life as well as allowing for divorce and remarriage in their new religion. For example, the Eastern Orthodox allow two divorces for their members. These failures in the area of chastity put on display for all to see that there has been a schism… a break from the Mystical and life-giving Body, the Bride of Christ, the Roman Catholic Church. Marital fidelity and union with the Christ’s Church go together! (By the way, this is one of the reasons why a couple who has sadly reached a point where a separation may be needed must go the Church and ask for permission to do so… as is taught in the Council of Trent (cf. Sess. XXIV, c. 8) and the in Code of Canon Law. Also, we should keep in mind that many a saint has had to endure an irksome marriage to save their souls and the souls of their family rather than flee as the worldlings do.)
Not surprisingly, in this Passiontide of the Bride with so many failed marriages, various leaders of Our Holy Church… are pointing fingers at Her teachings and laws on holy matrimony. They are too hard… too burdensome… not acceptable to modern man. We must be tolerant of sodomitical unions… more indulgent toward the divorced and remarried… Let them come to the altar rails and receive Holy Communion. Who are we to judge! Alas, how hurtful all this is to His Majesty and His spotless Bride! As we heard in the Gospel: “you have dishonored Me.”
How do we answer these worldly ideas and attacks? It is on display for all to see in the Gospel of St. John with the Samaritan woman at the well. Upon meeting this woman, His Majesty, the Savior, offers her His life giving grace… “a fountain of water, springing up into life everlasting.” She forms a desire for this heavenly gift and asks for it. “The woman saith to him: Sir, give me this water…” He, in turn, seeking to remove all blockages, asks immediately about her husband. In other words, if you want to be in Communion with Me, your marriage must be right. No Holy Communion is possible until that has been accomplished. We must not add sin onto sin.
She, being a Samaritan, came from a people who split away from God’s chosen ones by wedding the pagan Assyrians. They set up their own temple and formed their own worship. Not surprisingly, then, “‘The woman answered, and said: I have no husband.’ Jesus said to her: ‘Thou hast said well, For thou hast had five husbands: and he whom thou now hast, is not thy husband.’” Her religion is divorced from God… it not attached to the HEAD… thus, the door to multiple marriages is opened. After His Majesty revealed her many bad divorces and re-marriages, she immediately turned to matters of theology and liturgy… namely the doctrine of No Salvation Outside of the Church as well as what constituted True Worship in the God’s Sacred Liturgy. Finally, as soon as He revealed Himself to be the Christ… the Bridegroom of the One Bride… the Gospel says, “And immediately His disciples came” indicating His Church is Apostolic. Christ will not act apart from them.
Here, then, we have a clear Scriptural example of how Catholic marriage shows forth the unity and indissolubility of Christ and His Church. And, what is more, this is apostolic and cannot be tampered with by any prelate whatsoever, no matter his position or place in the membership of the Mystical Body. This means that allowing any divorced and civilly remarried Catholic to return to Holy Communion or even to exercise any ecclesiastical duties would constitute a grave offense against the Church Herself (cf. CCC no. 1650). And yet, sad to say, that is what is being proposed and discussed and even practiced in many places. It is Passiontide for the Church! More suffering for the Mystical Body!
As Traditional Catholics, we are often labeled for taking a firm stand in defending the apostolic doctrines of the Church such as these. We are labeled Traditionalists for doing what Catholics have always done. Some are not shy in exclaiming that we have schismatic tendencies… Sound familiar? “Thou art a Samaritan…and hast a devil!” But think about it. Many today are proposing that the divorced and remarried be allowed to receive Holy Communion… that sodomitical unions be at least not hindered… that such perverted couples be allowed to adopt, baptize and send children to Catholic schools as if nothing were wrong. Are not these rather serious schismatic tendencies that are tearing at the most blessed and tender Body of Christ’s Bride? YES! Do those proposing these things have the true faith? We wonder! Have they not tried to start a new religion inside of the Mystical Body? How long before we allow two divorces like the schismatic Eastern Orthodox? Again the Gospel today comes to mind: “He that is of God heareth the Words of God. Therefore, you hear them not, because you are not of God.”
When in Passiontide, it always seems that our adversaries have the upper hand! Thus, the faithful Catholic feels like he is near to being arrested, sidelined, abandoned… even, as it were, stoned to death. Thus, they often feel abandoned… all alone like Job on his dung heap. The name calling is certainly not lacking: they are selfish, prideful, hypocrites, slothful, embittered, fundamentalist, triumphalistic, Pelagian, and so on. In response, fear, anger and frustration rise. All this is ultimately aimed at making the faithful Catholics compromise… to make them come down. That is the mantra of the devil in Passiontide… “come down!... come down! Give up! Compromise! You are all alone… you cannot do it! Everyone is against you! Science is against you! The Media is against you! Even many of your leaders are against you. Come down!”
Let us inoculate ourselves from these temptations, these empty fears and the powerful emotions they evoke by meditating as frequently as possible on the Passion of Our Lord, on the book of Job, by reading the lives of the Saints, praying the daily Rosary, as well as studying the apostolic and perennial teachings of the Church. In this way, we will not depart from the Bride of Christ but rather keep Her company in Her time of trial…providing Her comfort… for this too shall pass… allowing those who remained faithful to receive a share in that “fountain of water, springing up into life everlasting.”

New Foundation of the Institute of Christ the King in England:
St. Walburge, Preston, Diocese of Lancaster

After the establishment of the Institute of Christ the King in New Brighton, Merseyside, where it has been taking care of the Shrine of Sts. Peter and Paul and Philomena, another English diocese welcomes the priests of the Institute to save a church, in Preston, Lancashire: Saint Walburge, the tallest parish church (and tallest of any Catholic church) in the United Kingdom.

The well-loved and iconic Catholic church of St Walburge, Preston has been given a promise of a sustainable future and a new lease-of-life following an announcement on Sunday 6 April 2014 by the Bishop of Lancaster, the Rt Rev Michael G Campbell OSA.

The announcement (in a Pastoral Message) was that Bishop Michael Campbell and Monsignor Gilles Wach, General Prior of the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, together with Parish Priest Father Simon Hawksworth, have agreed to establish a foundation of the Institute at the Church of St Walburge, Preston in the early autumn. The arrival and presence of the Institute – a society of Apostolic life of Pontifical right – will, according to Bishop Campbell enable the church to be open each day (which it is not at present) so as to become a shrine or centre for Eucharistic devotion and adoration. The shrine will specifically provide for the celebration of Holy Mass and the other Sacraments in the Extraordinary Form.

Father Robert Billing, spokesman for the Diocese said:

“The members of the Institute will work in close collaboration with Parish Priest, Father Simon Hawksworth.”

“Importantly, the announcement of this initiative - following twelve months of negotiations - delivers good news: it will ensure the future sustainability and patrimony of St Walburge’s church; a church so dear to local Catholics and many others in Preston. Thankfully, this announcement means St Walburge’s is secured for the future, will be used each day for prayer and cared for as it continues to bear witness to the faith and mission of the Catholic Church in Preston.” [Source: Diocesan Press Release.]

The Crisis of the Church is a Crisis of Bishops:
Mockery and Scandal in the Cathedral for celebration of Baptism of daughter of "two mothers" in Córdoba, Argentina

The baptism of baby Umma Azul, the daughter of one member of a lesbian "couple" civilly "married" in Argentina took place yesterday in the Cathedral of Córdoba (previous post on the matter here). The President of the Argentine Republic, Mrs. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, was not present, but sent some gifts by way of a representative.

On the previous day, the Archbishop of Córdoba, Carlos Ñáñez, had said that the ladies finally were not going to be confirmed, but that the baptism would happen since it was "the right of the child," and that this whole problem had been caused by the "manipulation of the media". He also said he had informed Cardinal Cañizares Llovera, Prefect for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, so that the Holy See was kept "informed" of the situation (source: Infocatólica).

Two points: First, as a matter of fact, the media would not even be aware of the baptism if the couple had not gone to all lengths to make this a widely publicized event. Second, it is certainly not simply a reason of being a "right" of the child - otherwise, the Church would have the obligation to baptize all babies, irrespective of any other circumstances, including forcibly, in order to ensure the salvation of the child before the age of reason... Baptism entails grave obligations for Catholics, and is neither a mere social event, nor a... "Pelagian" superstition... The "mothers" themselves told the press that, "we want to have her baptized, but afterwards the baby will be able to do whatever she is inclined to do, and follow her own path." Which is why, as we recalled in the first post, bringing with it the Tradition and Magisterium of the Church, the 1983 Code of Canon Law is quite clear:

Can. 868 §1. For an infant to be baptized licitly:

1/ the parents or at least one of them or the person who legitimately takes their place must consent;

2/ there must be a founded hope that the infant will be brought up in the Catholic religion; if such hope is altogether lacking, the baptism is to be delayed according to the prescripts of particular law after the parents have been advised about the reason.

Is there such "founded hope"? Or was it merely a propaganda piece for the advance of the Catholic recognition of homosexual "marriage", in which the poor baby is used as a mere instrument, a Sacrament is used to make a point, and a Holy Place of Worship is used for homosexual agitprop? You tell us, when you see this iconic image of the event (graphic image, minors please do not click.)

(Source: La Voz del Interior, whole image gallery here.)

Saint Augustine on Passion Sunday: Agnoscite Creatorem...
"Recognize the Creator—discern the creature."


"Abraham pater vester exsultavit ut videret diem meum: vidit, et gavisus est." Dixerunt ergo Iudæi ad eum: "Quinquaginta annos nondum habes, et Abraham vidisti?" Dixit eis Iesus: "Amen, amen dico vobis, antequam Abraham fieret, ego sum."
(From the Gospel for Passion Sunday, John viii, 56-58: "Abraham your father rejoiced that he might see my day: he saw it, and was glad." The Jews therefore said to him: "Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?" Jesus said to them: "Amen, amen I say to you, before Abraham was made, I am.")


...Abraham's Creator bears a great testimony to Abraham. "Abraham rejoiced," He says, "to see my day." He did not fear, but "rejoiced to see it." For in him there was the love that casts out fear. He says not, rejoiced because he saw; but "rejoiced that he might see." [Non ait: Exsultavit, quia vidit; sed, exsultavit ut videret.] Believing, at all events, he rejoiced in hope to see with the understanding. "And he saw." And what more could the Lord Jesus Christ say, or what more ought He to have said? "And he saw," He says, "and was glad." Who can unfold this joy...? If those rejoiced whose bodily eyes were opened by the Lord, what joy was his who saw with the eyes of his soul the light ineffable, the abiding Word, the brilliance that dazzles the minds of the pious, the unfailing Wisdom, God abiding with the Father, and at some time come in the flesh and yet not to withdraw from the bosom of the Father?

All this did Abraham see. For in saying "my day," it may be uncertain of what He spoke; whether the day of the Lord in time, when He should come the flesh, or that day of the Lord which knows not a dawn, and knows no decline. But for my part I doubt not that father Abraham knew it all. And where shall I find it out? Ought the testimony of our Lord Jesus Christ to satisfy us? Let us suppose that we cannot find it out, for perhaps it is difficult to say in what sense it is clear that Abraham "rejoiced to see the day" of Christ, "and saw it, and was glad."


"Before Abraham was made, I am." Weigh the words, and get a knowledge of the mystery. "Before Abraham was made." Understand, that "was made" refers to human formation; but "am" to the Divine essence. "He was made," because Abraham was a creature. He did not say, Before Abraham was, I was; but, "Before Abraham was made," who was not made save by me, "I am." Nor did He say this, Before Abraham was made I was made; for "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth;" Genesis 1:1 and "in the beginning was the Word." "Before Abraham was made, I am."

Recognize the Creator—discern the creature. [Agnoscite Creatorem, discernite creaturam.] He who spoke was made the seed of Abraham; and that Abraham might be made, He Himself was before Abraham.
Saint Augustine
In Evangelium Ioannis - Tractatus XLIII